III. Define what are “pan, tilt‐up, tilt‐down, zoom, close up; extreme close‐up; wide‐angle; high‐angle; fisheye, and telephoto”
– Show us how to and discuss the suitability of using pan, tilt‐up, tilt‐down zoom, close up; extreme close‐up; wide‐angle; high‐angle; fisheye, and telephoto in the clips.
– What is the meaning/the purpose of pan, tilt‐up, tilt‐down zoom, close up; extreme close‐up; wide‐angle; high‐angle; fisheye, and telephoto?
IV. [Additionally for group presentation]; Please find clips which make good use of pan, tilt‐up, tilt‐down zoom, close up; extreme close‐up; wide‐angle; high‐angle; fisheye, and telephoto. What are their purposes?
Suitability in clips: Panning is usually used to show the character/object moving from one area to the other.
Purpose: In this video, panning method is used in many parts eg. [0:41-0:44s] and it also mix it with high-angle and film the scenes from a higher place and panning at the same time.
Suitability in clips: To draw attention to something on the ground (tilt-down) or something above eyeline (tilt-up), making audience feel like they are the main character looking at the particular object of focus.
Purpose: In this Mr Bean opening theme, a tilt down was used to focus on the ground, where the credits were shown. It draws the attention of the audience to the spotlight.
Definition: Moving in to a close-up or away from a close-up
Show: I cut this clip from a part of Harry Potter 7, showing the zoom effect
Suitability in clips: It is often used to show emphasis on a particular object or character, bring viewer’s attention and focus to it.
Purpose: In the above clip, the attention is brought to Professor Dumbledore’s hands on Harry’s arms, showing that Dumbledore has been Harry’s source of support all the while.
5. Close up
Definition: A certain feature, such as someone’s head, takes up the whole frame
6. Extreme close up
Definition: The shot is so tight that only a fraction of the focus of attention, such as someone’s eyes, can be seen
Show: This video has 2 effects, extreme close-up and close-up side by side, thus I decided to explain these 2 effects together
Suitability in clips: A closeup is often used to show tension, or emotion or a particular intricate activity of the hands. Major characters are often given a close-up when they are introduced as a way of indicating their importance
Purpose: In the case of the above video, viewers are first shown the pain in someone’s eyes, followed by the closeup of him (in this case, Harry Potter), bringing the audience into the situation, continued from the previous movie.
7. Wide angle
Definition: Wide angle view, like its name, gives audience a wider angle of view.
Show: Despite the description and googling, I still couldn’t get the idea of wide angle in videos. However, I found a video, that shows the difference between normal angle and wide angle. Though it may not be the best one to describe what a wide angle is, I think it at least showed me the difference between the normal angle and the wide angle.
Suitability in clips: To give audience a larger picture of the situation
Purpose: I’m thinking of situations where wide angle will be used, but I’m thinking in term of the main character trying to find something in the middle of a busy street, and the camera man will usually focus him/her before zooming out and show him/her in midst of many people. Correct me if I’m wrong!
Definition: High-angle is where the camera is located above the eyeline and looks down on the subject.
Show: I was thinking what kind of video films from high-angle when I remember how babies are often filmed from high-angle to portray vulnerability. I found this amusing video from youtube which was recorded throughout from high angle. Although it may not be really very high-angle used in baby comedy movies/shows, but I felt that it was quite nice
Suitability in clips: It is often used to give the impression that the character or object seems vulnerable or powerless, making the moment more dramatic
Purpose: In this video, the baby gave audience a helpless and trapped feeling. When the daddy joins her in the crib, it was his turn to be trapped!
Definition: a kind of wide-angle filming method that takes in an extremely wide, hemispherical image
Show: This is a video showing a friend who filmed his/her another friend outside the door through the peep hole. Though they are not using the fish-eye lens, but they managed to get the same effect.
Suitability in clips: Used to portray character looking through a peephole or looking through a hole to the outside environment.
Purpose: The fish-eye filming method usually has a bit of comedy effect and shows a wide field of view.
Definition: Allows capturing and focusing of objects at a very distant location.
Show: This is a test for telephoto lens, it can see as far as the beach not visible to naked eyes!
Suitability in clips: Capturing of objects very far away eg. motion/ action clips.
Purpose: To show audience the distance of the object/character or the vulnerability/ small-ness of the character compared to the wide surroundings.
I found a great website teaching us how to make a good movie and it offered some really cool tips!
More information about the different types of shots, transitions and effects used in films